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Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
the Lucky Rabbit was an animated cartoon character who starred
in a series of cartoon motion pictures of 1920s and 1930s released
by Universal Studios.
Created and animated by Walt
Disney, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit was first introduced in 1927
after Disney's series of Alice Comedies had run its course. Disney
wanted to go with something new and signing a new contract with
Universal head Carl Laemmle to produce a series of cartoons under
Charles B. Mintz and George Winkler seemed to be just the ticket.
The first Oswald cartoon, "Poor Papa" was rejected by
the Universal studio heads. After this, Disney, together with Ub
Iwerks created a second cartoon called "Trolley Troubles".
The short officially launched the series and proved to be Disney's
greatest success yet. However, when Disney asked Mintz for an increase
in the budget, Mintz instead offered a budget cut. Disney angrily
refused and quit, taking Iwerks and a loyal apprentice artist, Les
Clark, with him. Mintz, meanwhile, opened his own studio consisting
primarily of former Disney employees.
Dissatisfied with Mintz, Laemmle selected Walter Lantz to produce
new cartoons using the character (the first of which was 1929's
"Race Riot" many sources erroneously list "Ozzie
of the Circus" as the first). Over the next decade, Lantz would
produce 140 Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoons, making for a grand
total of 192 films that the character starred in over all three
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit's last cartoon was "The Egg-Cracker
Suite" (1943). Oswald made occasional reapperances as a character
in other cartoons as late as 1951.
Angered by the loss of Oswald, Disney learned to retain full ownership
of his animated characters and went on to find immense success with
another animated character, Mickey
Mouse, who is now one of the most widely recognized icons in
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