Articles > Minnie Mouse
Mouse is a fictional character of the Mickey
Mouse universe featured in animated cartoons, comic strips and
comic books by The
Walt Disney Company. The comic strip story The Gleam (published
January 19-May 2, 1942) by Merrill De Maris and Floyd Gottfredson
first gave her full name as Minerva Mouse. Minerva has since been
a recurring alias for her.
The earlier comic strip story Mr. Slicker and the Egg Robbers (published
September 22 - December 26, 1930) introduced her father Marcus Mouse
and her unnamed mother, both farmers. The same story featured photographs
of her grandparents Marshall Mouse and Matilda. Her best known relative
however remains her uncle Mortimer Mouse.
Mouse is commonly known as Mickey Mouse's girlfriend, and they
have been steady for decades, they are not married.
Origins of Minnie Mouse
In 1928, Walt
Disney and Ub Iwerks created Mickey Mouse to act as a replacement
to their previous star Oswald the Lucky Rabbit. But Mickey could
not fill the void alone. Among the few consistent character traits
Oswald had developed before moving on to Universal Studios was his
near-constant pursuit of potential sweethearts. So for Mickey to
have a chance to emulate his predecessor at flirting, someone had
to replace Oswald's many love interests. This replacement to Miss
Rabbit, Miss Cottontail, Fanny and an uncertain number of unnamed
nurses and dancers was to become Minnie Mouse.
Minnie Mouse, who at the time was not yet named, was designed in
the fashion of a "flapper" girl. She was so probably intended
to follow the trends of then-modern Youth culture in an effort to
add to her audience appeal.
Mickey and Minnie debuted together in Plane Crazy, first released
on May 15, 1928. Minnie is invited to join Mickey in the first flight
of his aircraft. She accepts the invitation but not his demand for
a kiss in mid-flight. Mickey eventually forces Minnie into a kiss
but this only results in her parachuting out of the plane. This
first film depicted Minnie as somewhat resistant to the demanding
affection of her potential boyfriend and capable of escaping his
Their debut however featured the couple already familiar to each
other. The next film featuring them was The Gallopin' Gaucho.The
film was the second of their series to be produced but only the
third to be released on December 30, 1928. We find Minnie employed
as the barmaid and dancer of Cantina Argentina, a bar and restaurant
established in the Pampas of Argentina. She performs the Tango for
Mickey the gaucho and Black Pete the outlaw. Both flirt with her
but the latter intends to abduct her while the former obliges in
saving the Damsel in Distress from the villain. All three characters
acted as strangers first being introduced to each other.
Mickey and Minnie appear together again in Steamboat Willie, the
third short of the series to be produced but released second on
November 18, 1928. Pete was featured as the Captain of the steamboat,
Mickey as a crew of one and Minnie as their single passenger. The
two anthropomorphic mice first star in a sound film and spend most
of its duration playing music to the tune of "Turkey in the
A Recurring Co-Star
The commercial success of Steamboat Willie helped introduce Mickey
and Minnie into the audience. Twelve more films featuring Mickey
were produced in 1929. But Minnie only co-starred in seven of them
and was mentioned in an eighth.
The first of them was The Barn Dance, first released on March 14,
1929. Minnie stands at the center of attention as Mickey and Pete
rival each other in order to win her favor. Both offer to pick her
up for the dance but she chooses Pete's newly purchased automobile
over Mickey's horse-cart. When the automobile breaks down she resorts
to go with Mickey. The later proves a clumsy dancing parter, repeatedly
stepping on her feet, and so she turns to Pete again. She is surprised
when Mickey asks for another dance and seems to be light on his
feet. However she is disgusted when Pete points that his rival had
placed a balloon in his shorts. She resumed dancing with Pete while
Mickey is reduced to crying on the dance floor. Minnie proves to
be rather demanding as a partner in a romantic relationship. Mickey
obviously has yet to claim her as his girlfriend by this point.
The Opry House, first released on March 28, 1929, was the first
short to feature Mickey but not Minnie. A poster however mentions
Minnie as being member to the Yankee Doodle Girls. The later group
of female performers remained unseen characters and were apparently
short-lived. Minnie appears again in When the Cat's Away, first
released on April 11, 1929. She is attending a party with Mickey
along with several other mice. The short was unusual in the depiction
of Mickey and Minnie with the size and part of the behavior common
in regular mice. The set standard both before and after this short
was to depict them as having the size of a rather short human being.
Minnie was seen again in The Plow Boy, first released on May 9,
1929, where she is featured as a farm girl. However she gets Mickey
to milk her cow Clarabelle for her. When Mickey presents her with
a bucket full of milk and proceeds to kiss her, Minnie answers by
knocking the bucket on his head. This in front of his horse Horace
Horsecollar who is just making his debut. Minnie obviously was not
very appreciative of Mickey's affection at the time.
Their attempt at farming life would prove short-lived. Their next
appearance in The Karnival Kid (May 23, 1929) casted Mickey as a
hot dog vendor and Minnie as a carnival Shimmy Dancer. Minnie then
appears as a fiddle player in Mickey's Choo Choo (June 26, 1929).
Minnie's Yoo Hoo
Her next appearance was arguably more significant. Mickey's Follies
(June 26, 1929), featured the first performance of Minnie's Yoo
Hoo. "The guy they call little Mickey Mouse" for the first
time addresses an audience to explain that he has "Got a sweetie"
who is "neither fat nor skinny" and proudly proclaims
that "She's my little Minnie Mouse." Mickey then proceeds
in explaining his reaction to Minnie's call.
Oh, the old tom cat with his "meow, meow, meow"
Old houn' dog with his "bow, wow, wow"
The crows "caw, caw," and the mule's "hee-haw"
Gosh what a racket like an old buzz saw
I have listened to the Kookoo koo his "koo-koo"
And I've heard the rooster cock his doodle doo doo
With the cows and the chickens, they all sound like the dickens
When I hear my little Minnie's yoo-hoo
Oh, the blue bird down in the cherry tree
And the busy buzz of the bumble bee
Evening bells a ringin', whip-poor-will's a singin'
Well they don't mean much to me
For my heart is down in the chicken house
Where I long to be with my Minnie Mouse
The song firmly establishes Mickey and Minnie as a couple and expresses
the importance Minnie holds for her male partner. Soon it would
become the theme song to their series.
Damsel in Distress
Minnie Mouse's final appearance for the year was in Wild Waves
(first released on August 15, 1929. She spends a day at the beach
with Mickey. Their activities of singing and dancing are soon interrupted
when Minnie is swept by a wave into the sea. She panics and seems
to start drowning. Mickey uses a row boat to rescue her and return
her to the shore but Minnie is still visibly shaken from the experience.
Mickey starts singing the tune of Rocked in the Cradle of the Deep,
a maritime ballad written in 1832 by Emma Hart Willard (February
23, 1787 - April 15, 1870), in an apparent effort to cheer her up.
Minnie cheers up and the short ends. This is arguably the first
time Minnie is placed in danger and then saved by her new boyfriend.
It would not be the last.
In fact this was the case with her next appearance in the Cactus
Kid (April 11, 1930. As the title implies the short was intended
as a Western movie parody. But it is considered to be more or less
a remake of The Gallopin' Gaucho set in Mexico instead of Argentina.
Minnie was again cast as the local tavern dancer who is abducted
by Peg-Leg Pedro (Black Pete in his first appearance with a peg-leg).
Mickey again comes to the rescue. The short is considered significant
for being the last short featuring Mickey and Minnie to be animated
by Ub Iwerks.
Since then Minnie has been co-starring with Mickey Mouse, Pluto,
Minnie's own cat who debuted in Pinocchio. In Mickey Mouse Works
she finally appeared in her own segments. In House of Mouse she
kept track of the bills. She starred in a television special called
Totally Minnie and she also appeared in a line of merchandise called
"Minnie n Me." She appeared in the Kingdom Hearts game
series as the queen of Disney Castle (and, obviously, the wife of
Mickey) who sent Donald Duck and Goofy on their mission to find
Mickey and the Keyblade Master.
Minnie Mouse will co-star in the children's television series Disney's
Mickey Mouse Clubhouse.
Minnie Mouse Trivia
* Minnie is the 3rd most requested character at Disney theme parks,
the second being Mickey and the most popular being Winnie the Pooh.
* You can visit Minnie's "home" at three Disney theme
in California, the Magic Kingdom in Florida, and Tokyo
Disneyland in Japan.
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